Friday, 20 February 2015

Art on Friday; War of the Roses, Henry VI

Henry VI

Henry VI was King of England from 1422, son of Henry V. He assumed royal power 1442 and sided with the party opposed to the continuation of the Hundred Years' War with France. After his marriage 1445, he was dominated by his wife, Margaret of Anjou. He was deposed 1461 in the Wars of the Roses; was captured 1465, temporarily restored 1470, but again imprisoned 1471 and then murdered.

Henry was eight months old when he succeeded to the English throne, and shortly afterwards, by the death in 1422 of his maternal grandfather, Charles VI, he became titular king of France. Unlike his father, Henry was disinclined to warfare, and when Joan of Arc revived French patriotism the English gradually began to lose their French possessions. By 1453 only Calais remained of his father's conquests.

The unpopularity of the government, especially after the loss of the English conquests in France, encouraged Richard, Duke of York, to claim the throne, and though York was killed 1460, his son Edward IV proclaimed himself king 1461.

The young peasant girl Joan of Arc begins her campaign to expel the English from France. She inspires the French army which relieves Orleans besieged by English troops.  1430

Warwick Submits to Margaret of Anjou the Wife of Henry VI

 Margaret of Anjou

 Battle of Heworth 1453 between supporters of the Neville and Percy families marks the beginning of the feud between the Houses of York and Lancaster

1455 Beginning of the 'Wars of the Roses'. Duke of York is dismissed. York raises an army and defeats the King’s Lancastrian forces at the Battle of St. Albans.The Lancastrian leader, the Duke of Somerset, is killed. York takes over the government of England.

 Richard Neville earl of Warwick

1484 - The body of Henry VI is brought to St George's from Chertsey Abbey by Richard III. His tomb becomes another focus of pilgrimage.

© KH

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