Friday, 27 February 2015

Art on Friday, War of the Roses; Edward IV

Edward IV

King of England 1461–70 and from 1471. He was the son of Richard, Duke of York, and succeeded Henry VI in the Wars of the Roses, temporarily losing his throne to Henry when Edward fell out with his adviser Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick. Edward was a fine warrior and intelligent strategist, with victories at Mortimer's Cross and Towton in 1461, Empingham in 1470, and Barnet and Tewkesbury in 1471. He was succeeded by his son Edward V.

Edward was known as Earl of March until his accession. After his father's death he occupied London 1461, and was proclaimed king in place of Henry VI by a council of peers. His position was secured by the defeat of the Lancastrians at Towton 1461 and by the capture of Henry. He quarrelled, however, with Warwick, his strongest supporter, who in 1470–71 temporarily restored Henry, until Edward recovered the throne by his victories at Barnet and Tewkesbury.

 Edward IV

 Elizabeth Woodville

Elizabeth in her coronation robes

Secret Marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

 Edward returns to England from Flanders and defeats and kills Warwick at the Battle of Barnet

Margaret is defeated at the Battle of Tewkesbury and the Lancastrian heir, Prince Edward, is killed. Soon after, Henry VI is murdered in the Tower of London.

Murder of the prince of Wales by Edward IV

 The princes in the tower
Edward V and Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York

Tomb of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville

© KH

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